Types Of Financial Planning And Its Importance

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Grip Invest
Grip Invest
Published on
Dec 15, 2023
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    “If you take control of your finances today, then you will not be a victim of them tomorrow.” ~ Emily G. Stroud.

    This quote underscores the role of financial planning in navigating our lives. Financial planning is a proactive approach to achieving financial security and your financial goals during economic fluctuations. Financial planning is of utmost importance in today’s evolving and dynamic environment.

    This blog aims to shed light on the meaning, importance, and types of financial planning.

    What Is Financial Planning?

    It is a process of systematically managing your finances. It involves assessing income, expenses, investments, and other elements to create a roadmap for effective wealth management.

    Why Do You Need Financial Planning?

    • Financial security
    • Financial goals
    • Wealth creation
    • Emergency preparedness
    • Peace of mind

    6 Types Of Financial Planning

    1. Cash Flow Planning

    Cash flow planning manages what comes in and goes out from your accounts. It is a regular process, usually done monthly or annually. You can make informed financial decisions by keeping track of your cash flows. It helps you avoid unnecessary expenses and work towards your goals with greater control.

    Here is a quick breakdown of the elements of cash flow planning:

    • Inflows: Identify all sources of income such as salary or business/profession income, rental income, income from investments, etc.
    • Outflows: Recognise all your fixed and variable expenses like groceries, rent, utility bills, subscriptions, shopping, etc.
    • Emergency Fund: A percentage of your income should be contributed to this fund. It acts as a cushion for any unforeseen events.
    • Surplus Or Deficit: Calculate the difference between total inflows and outflows. A surplus is an extra cash that can be saved or invested wisely. A deficit calls for attention to spending and creating more income sources.

    2. Investment Planning

    This involves strategically analysing and allocating your surplus money to diversified investment avenues. The objective is to maximise your income levels and mitigate risks. It starts with defining your goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon.

    Tips For Investment Planning

    Different types of investors based on their investment style are categorised as follows:

    • Conservative Investors: They prefer low-risk and stable investments and focus on preserving capital. Examples: Blue chip stocks, FDs, bonds, etc.
    • Moderate Investors: They like a balance between risk and reward and include a mix of options promoting diversification. Examples: Corporate bonds, SDIs, stocks, REITs, etc.
    • Aggressive Investors: They are willing to take high risks for high returns and hold investments for a long period. Examples: stocks, startup equity, high-yield bonds, etc.

    3. Insurance Planning

    It is more or less a safety net for your assets, health and life, protecting you from unexpected problems. This includes insurance for health, life, accidents, vehicles, property, etc. The aim is to create a well-planned strategy that safeguards you and your assets from unnecessary spending.

    Tips For Insurance Planning

    • Carefully analyse your life situation to determine the types and amounts of insurance coverage you need.
    • Understand the coverage, terms, and premiums associated with different policies.
    • Periodically review your insurance plans to ensure they align with your current situation.
    • Evaluate and compare several insurance providers to get the best deal.
    • Ensure you account for all the insurance-related expenses in your budget.

    4. Retirement Planning

    Retirement planning is like crafting a financial roadmap for your stress-free retirement life. This involves assessing your current income, expenses, savings, and investments to build a substantial retirement fund. It is also essential to consider factors like inflation, future lifestyle preferences, and unexpected expenses.

    Tips For Retirement Planning

    • Start investing and saving as early as possible. Compounding helps your investments to grow exponentially.
    • Clearly define your post-retirement lifestyle goals.
    • Go for investment diversification across the risk-reward spectrum.
    • Take advantage of Provident funds (Employee Provident Fund and Public Provident Fund) and the National Pension Scheme (NPS).
    • Regularly review and adjust the plan.

    Investment Options For Retirement Planning

    • PPF: 15-year savings scheme | Indian Government-backed | Approx returns 7.6%
    • SDIs: Rated, listed, and regulated | Non-market linked | Returns of up to 17% IRR
    • SIP: Benefit from compounding | Convenient way to invest in MF | Minimum investment INR 500
    • NPS: Market-linked I Indian Government-backed I Tax benefits

    5. Tax Planning

    It inculcates organising your finances to minimise your tax burden. Tax planning aims to optimise your finances by taking advantage of tax-efficient incentives and investments.

    Tips For Tax Planning

    • Understand different income tax slabs in India and stay updated.
    • Utilise available tax deduction sections like Section 80C (for LIC, Tuition Fees, PPF, ELSS, etc.) or Section 80D (health insurance premiums).
    • Keep proper records of your income, expenses and tax-exempt investments.
    • Pay advance taxes to avoid any interest/penalty and a significant outflow.

    6. Estate Planning

    Estate planning is planning to manage and distribute your assets in your absence. It incorporates legal papers like wills, trusts, and power of attorney for specific assets to avoid potential conflicts among heirs.

    Tips For Estate Planning

    • Keep beneficiary designations up to date for life insurance, etc.
    • Ensure all your bank accounts, demat accounts, LICs, and other investments have nominee details.
    • Designate a trustworthy executor to manage the estate.
    • Document everything regarding wills, legal papers, etc.
    • Consider establishing trusts.

    Conclusion

    Financial planning is a powerful tool for shaping your future. In today’s times, it is a necessity and not a choice. It is a blueprint for financial freedom and peace of mind. Your financial future depends on the decision you make today.

    Investments are a pivotal part of a sound financial plan. Visit Grip Invest to learn more about new-age alternative investments and stay updated!

    Frequently Asked Questions

    1. How does Grip Invest fit into financial planning?

    Grip Invest is an investment discovery platform offering SEBI-regulated fixed-income options. Investors can earn up to 16%IRR with new-age opportunities. These opportunities can fit into your investment planning strategy.

    2. What are some common mistakes to avoid in financial planning? 

    Common mistakes include:

    • Not setting clear goals
    • Not diversifying your portfolio 
    • Neglecting emergency funds
    • Failing to take mediclaim and life insurance policies
    • Failing to review and adjust regularly
    • Failing to have a nominee in your bank accounts and other investments.

    3. How often should you review your plan?

    It depends from person to person. However, you can aim for at least an annual review to make adjustments. Also, review your plan whenever there is a major life event or change in financial goals.


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    Happy Investing!


    Disclaimer - Investments in debt securities are subject to risks. Read all the offer-related documents carefully. The investor is requested to take into consideration all the risk factors before the commencement of trading. This communication is prepared by Grip Broking Private Limited (bearing SEBI Registration No. INZ000312836 and NSE ID 90319) and/or its affiliate/ group company(ies) (together referred to as “Grip Invest”) and the contents of this disclaimer are applicable to this document and any and all written or oral communication(s) made by Grip Invest or its directors, employees, associates, representatives and agents. This communication does not constitute advice relating to investing or otherwise dealing in securities and is not an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any securities. Grip Invest does not guarantee or assure any return on investments and accepts no liability for the consequences of any actions taken based on the information provided. For more details, please visit https://www.gripinvest.in/. 
    Registered Address - 106, II F, New Asiatic Building, H Block, Connaught Place, New Delhi 110001. 

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