Exploring Convertible Bonds: A Hybrid Investment Instrument

Published on
Sep 25, 2023
Share on
In This Blog
    Convertible Bonds

    Convertible Bonds have increasingly become popular as hybrid investment instruments combining the benefits of both equity and debt. They help to generate passive income and grow investments. This article delves into what convertible bonds are, their characteristics, and how investors in India can leverage them to grow their money. 

    What Are Convertible Bonds?

    A Convertible Bond is a unique financial instrument that combines characteristics of both debt and equity components. It grants the bondholder the option or obligation to exchange the bond for equity shares of the company upon maturity. The bondholder becomes the company's shareholder once the bonds are converted to equity.

    The Convertible Bond has fixed tenure and provides periodic interest payments to investors at set intervals. If an investor chooses to convert their bonds into stock, they will receive their earnings based on the face value of the bond at maturity. However, these bonds generally offer lower interest rates than conventional Corporate Bonds due to the conversion feature.

    Features And Characteristics Of Convertible Bonds

    • Conversion Ratio: The most exciting feature of Convertible Bonds is the conversion privilege. Bondholders can convert their bonds into the issuing company's common stock at a pre-determined price and ratio. However, it is worth noting that the ratio will not affect the bond price and is only used to determine the value of shares the bondholder will receive after conversion.
      For instance, if the ratio is 4:1, it implies that the bondholder receives four shares for each bond held upon conversion. 
    • Coupon Payment: A Convertible Bond is a secure investment instrument compared to other equity-based instruments. Coupon payments on these instruments are based on the coupon rate. Usually, the coupon rate for convertible bonds is lower than non-convertible bonds because of the possible equity upside. 
    • Conversion Price: The conversion price is the authentic value the issuing company assigns and grants these shares to the bondholder. Multiple factors are considered when determining this price, such as the present book value, market price, anticipated growth in equity share price, etc. The conversion price must exceed the bond price, enabling investors to realise a profit upon the maturity of these securities.

    Types Of Convertible Bonds In The Market

    1. Regular Convertible Bonds: These bonds possess a fixed maturity date, pre-established conversion price, and regular interest payments until maturity. Once the bond reaches maturity, you can convert it into shares at the set price or redeem it at its face value. 
    2. Mandatory Convertible Bonds: As the name implies, these bonds must be converted into equity shares upon maturity. They provide regular interest payments throughout the bond's duration, similar to other debt securities.
    3. Reverse Convertible Bonds: With this bond type, the issuing company retains the right to convert the bond into equity at the predetermined price after it matures. However, the firm may decide to keep the bond as-is or convert it into equity based on prevailing economic conditions and stock prices.

    Advantages Of Convertible Bonds For Investors

    • Low Risk Of Default: Convertible Bonds present an investment opportunity with a minimal likelihood of default. In the unlikely event of the issuing company's liquidation, bondholders are given priority access to the company's liquidation funds. 
    • Dual Benefits: Investing in convertible bonds gives investors a two-fold advantage. Firstly, it allows for a steady stream of fixed income in the form of interest payments until the bond reaches maturity. Secondly, investors can convert the bonds into equity shares, enabling them to partake in the company's growth. 
    • Capital Appreciation: Among the main advantages of this investment instrument is the potential appreciation of one's capital. Bondholders can convert their bonds into equity shares, and as a result, they can benefit if the issuing company's stock appreciates. Therefore, investors can participate in the company's growth and potentially benefit from favourable market conditions. 

    Risks Of Convertible Bonds

    • Volatility: Convertible bonds exhibit a strong correlation with equity markets, resulting in their valuations being influenced predominantly by fluctuations in the stock market, as compared to other categories of bonds. 
    • Callability: Convertible bonds possess a callable feature, granting the issuer the authority to compel investors toward conversion. A bond can be initially issued with a designated call date, or the company may exercise its right to call the bond and enforce conversion if the stock price exceeds a specific threshold. Consequently, the investment's potential for positive returns might be constrained.
    • Complicated Investment Instruments: Due to their unique characteristics, convertible bonds can confuse inexperienced investors, especially regarding their categorization as bonds or stocks. Additionally, an investor must consider several factors influencing these bonds' pricing. Such factors encompass market conditions and the prevailing interest rate environment.

    Comparison To Traditional Bonds And Equity Investments

    Traditional Bonds and Equity are among the main investment instruments investors can consider, but they are quite different from convertible bonds. The major differences are represented in the table below:


    Convertible bonds can serve as an excellent investment tool for individuals seeking to combine the safety of a debt instrument with the potential for growth associated with equity. These bonds provide an opportunity to diversify your portfolio and potentially generate substantial returns during favourable market conditions.

    Are you looking to invest in bonds? Check out Grip today to learn more about bond investment opportunities.

    Want to stay at the top of your finances? 

    Join the community of 2.5 lakh+ investors and learn more about Grip, the latest financial knick-knacks and shenanigans that take place in the world of investing.

    Happy Investing!

    Disclaimer - Investments in debt securities are subject to risks. Read all the offer-related documents carefully. The investor is requested to take into consideration all the risk factors before the commencement of trading. This communication is prepared by Grip Broking Private Limited (bearing SEBI Registration No. INZ000312836 and NSE ID 90319) and/or its affiliate/ group company(ies) (together referred to as “Grip”) and the contents of this disclaimer are applicable to this document and any and all written or oral communication(s) made by Grip or its directors, employees, associates, representatives and agents. This communication does not constitute advice relating to investing or otherwise dealing in securities and is not an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any securities. Grip does not guarantee or assure any return on investments and accepts no liability for the consequences of any actions taken based on the information provided. For more details, please visit https://www.gripinvest.in/. 
    Registered Address - 106, II F, New Asiatic Building, H Block, Connaught Place, New Delhi 110001.

    Share on
    Next Post
    You may want to read
    Exploring Convertible Bonds: A Hybrid Investment Instrument
    Share on